Charge Admittance (CA) is a theory that offers a new perspective on understanding the fundamental forces and phenomena in the universe. It unifies the concepts of time, energy, gravity, and space within a single framework, focusing on “energy in the time domain.”

Charge Admittance defines how easily a new charge can be introduced into an existing environment based on its values of ε0 and μ0. It reflects the ease or difficulty of inserting a charge into the vacuum, where lower values of ε0 and μ0 indicate higher admittance, meaning charges can be more readily introduced.

Charge

Charges and Particles: Charges are intrinsic properties of particles like electrons and protons, which convey the charge. Their interactions result in electric fields. It’s unclear whether the charge or the particle comes first, as they are intrinsically linked. We will use Balls to represent these.

Imagine Charges as “Balls” Within The Vacuum of Space: Each “charge”ball” represents a potential to occupy a space and create a force field around it.

Non-Touching Balls: These balls do not need to be touching each other. They interact through the fields and forces they generate at distances.

Fields Around Balls: Each ball displaces the charge field around it as a wave. The direction is set by if the ball is entering or leaving the field. The speed of this field is set by the density of the ε0 and μ0 field at that point.

Introduction of a Charge: Charges can appear anywhere within the void. Each new charge creates a gradient in the surrounding fields (ε0 and μ0), influencing all other charges.

Charge Coupling: It is the charge as part of the energy of the E=MC2 mass that couples to the ε0μ0 field. The slope or contours of this field that cause the acceleration of charge we see as gravity.

Space

Space and Fields: Space is not an empty void but a medium defined by the ε0 (electrical permittivity) and μ0 (magnetic permeability) fields. These fields provide the structure within which charges can exist. Conversely, the presence of charges and their interactions contribute to the energy that assembles and modifies the ε0 and μ0 fields, creating a dynamic interplay.

Electrical Permittivity (ε0): This is a measure of how fast a charge can be displaced when a a charge is moved. It quantifies the resistance encountered when forming an electric field in the vacuum of space.

Magnetic Permeability (μ0): This is a measure of how fast a current can move when a magnetic field is created due to the movement of charges. It represents the ability of the vacuum to support the formation of magnetic fields resulting from the movement of charges.

Impedance of Space: The impedance of space refers to the opposition that the vacuum offers to the propagation of electromagnetic waves. It is a function of ε0 and μ0 and determines how easily electromagnetic waves can travel through space. The characteristic impedance of free space (Z0) is given by the square root of the ratio of μ0 to ε0 (Z0 = √(μ00)). This concept is crucial in understanding the propagation of light and other electromagnetic waves through the vacuum.

Admittance of Space: Admittance, the inverse of impedance, refers to the ease with which electromagnetic waves can propagate through the vacuum. Higher admittance implies lower resistance to the flow of electromagnetic waves. In the context of charge admittance, it indicates how easily charges can be introduced into and move within the vacuum of space. Admittance is influenced by the local values of ε0 and μ0, where higher values correspond to lower resistance and greater ease of charge movement.

Dimensions of Space: Space is commonly thought of as a four-dimensional object with three physical dimensions and one time dimension. While physical dimensions are well understood, “time” presents special consideration, especially in situations where complex dimensional interaction is involved. With Charge Admittance, all dimensions are constant.

Removing a Charge: Making a void within the volume of space creates a gradient that other charges respond to, adjusting their positions to fill the space and maintain equilibrium.

Negative Balls or Holes: When a charge is removed, it creates a hole (“negative ball or anti-charge region”) where the charge used to be. This hole represents a potential deficit, causing surrounding charges to redistribute themselves to maintain equilibrium. These negative balls generate their own fields and gradients, much like positive charges, but in the opposite sense.

Mirrored in Time: Holes or anti-charges can be considered as charges mirrored in time. This temporal mirroring implies that the absence of a charge behaves as if a charge with opposite properties is moving backward in time, affecting the surrounding fields similarly but in a time-reversed manner.

Equilibrium and Zero Net Energy: At equilibrium, every charge and their anti-charges are equal, suggesting that the net energy in the universe is zero. This balance implies that for energy to exist and manifest, it must involve the interaction of time with each charge-anti-charge pair spinning round each other in symmetry and balance. some will spin in a direction that places their axis around time. That is when they become the energy that. arises from the dynamic interplay of these pairs over time.

Formation of Crowded Regions: As new charges are introduced, they create gradients that other charges respond to. Over time, these interactions cause charges to move and congregate, forming regions where charges are more densely packed – “Black Holes.”

Less Crowded Edges: At the periphery, charges are more spread out, allowing easier movement. This scenario corresponds to lower energy density regions – “Outer or Free Space,” the actual vacuum of space.

Charge Gradients Represent Energy: The differences in charge distribution (gradients) represent variations in energy density across the void. The more crowded regions correspond to higher energy density, while less crowded regions represent lower energy density.

Energy and Movement

The field around each ball is disturbed at the rate of the speed of energy (c). Each time a ball enters. exists or moves it changes the field around it (gravitational / energy waves).

Charge balls fall to Zero Energy: Charges naturally gravitate toward states of zero energy, consistently moving to positions that minimize energy. They respond to gradients created by surrounding charges, but when they encounter areas of condensed energy, further movement is restricted.

Equilibrium Seeking and Dynamic Interaction: This ongoing process results in the formation of densely and sparsely populated regions, akin to balls settling into a stable configuration. Mass concentrations create barriers that hinder charge flow toward lower energy states.

Movement and Field disturbance: When a charge moves, it leaves a void in the field it generated. This displacement creates a vacuum effect that pulls the charge back.

Force Field Dynamics: The movement of charges creates disturbances in the surrounding field. As charges move, energy is radiated along their path in a “step” wave pattern.

The Slope of This Wave: Is determined by the highest natural frequency the field can sustain. This is determined by the density of ε0​ and μ0.

Wave Characteristics: The shape of this wave is dictated by the highest natural frequency the field can support, which is influenced by the densities of ε0​ and μ0.

Displacement of Existing Charges: The moving field displaces existing charges, causing them to undergo wavelike motions as new energy propagates through the space.

Wave Propagation: The speed of the wave is determined by the density of the existing field at each point in space it traverses.

Current and Charge Creation: When charges move, they generate a flow that subsequently creates more charges.

Equilibrium Adjustment: When a charge is added or removed, the surrounding charges adjust to maintain balance, reflecting the system’s tendency toward equilibrium.

Energy Requirements: The movement of charges requires energy, akin to Planck’s quantum concept, which defines the smallest unit of energy.

The Holes Left by Moving Balls: Creates a vacuum in the field pulling the ball back.

The Force Field: Creates a disturbance in the surrounding field as the balls move.

Gravity in Simple Terms

Dense Volumes and Gravity: In areas where charges are tightly packed, the local electromagnetic fields interact more strongly, making it harder for charges to move freely. This represents strong gravitational fields where the movement of energy is more constrained.The speed of energy appears slowed as it approaches these regions, creating deceleration which is interpreted as gravity.

Sparse Volumes and Gravity: In areas where charges are spread out, the local electromagnetic fields are weaker, making it easier for charges to move. This represents weaker gravitational fields where the movement of energy is less constrained.

The Counter-Intuitive Aspect of Gravitational Acceleration

Rate of Change in Open Spaces: In regions with sparse charge distribution (weak energy concentrations), charges are further apart. This means that the rate of change of the speed of a charge (gravitational acceleration) can be faster because the field is more open.

Slowing Down Near Dense Regions: As charges move toward regions of higher energy concentration (the “brown blob”), the rate of change of their speed appears to decrease. The dense field interactions make it harder for charges to accelerate, approaching a point where the rate of change seems to approach zero.

Event Horizon Concept: In traditional gravitational models, this slowing down near dense regions leads to the concept of an event horizon, where nothing can escape. However, in CA, this point of zero rate of change is never actually reached, and the “event horizon” does not form.

Explaining Redshift with CA

Faster Acceleration in Open Spaces: In regions with sparse charge distribution, the faster rate of acceleration causes light to be redshifted more.

Observer’s Perspective: Energy (light) coming from these “wide open spaces” will appear more redshifted to an observer located in regions with denser charge distributions (higher energy concentrations).

Variable Redshift Rates: This explains why redshift occurs at different rates. The greater the distance (and thus the sparser the charge distribution), the more redshift is observed.

How Does This Work?

Formation of Dense Cores: Without anything to contain them, charges naturally gather towards the lower impedance regions, creating energy dense regions similar to what we might think of as “brown holes.”

Open Space Representation: Areas with fewer charges represent open space with lower energy density.

Gravitational Effects: The way charges are distributed affects how energy moves and how gravity works. The density and movement of these charges are governed by ε0 and μ0​.

Integrating the Electrical Circuit Analogy

Charges Congregate in Regions of Lower Impedance: Just as current flows through paths of lower resistance in an electrical circuit, charges move towards and gather in regions of lower impedance.

Minimizing Potential Energy: This movement helps achieve equilibrium and minimizes potential energy in the system. Charges naturally flow to the path of least resistance, accumulating where it’s easier to move.

Circuit Model Example: Imagine a circuit with multiple paths, each having different resistances. Current will prefer the path with the lowest resistance, analogous to how charges congregate in regions of lower impedance.

A Comparison of Charge Admittance and General Relativity

General Relativity: General Relativity posits a variable time dimension that leads to spacetime curvature due to mass and energy. Massive objects warp the fabric of spacetime, causing other objects to follow curved paths. However, it does not provide a specific mechanism for this curvature.

Charge Admittance: In contrast, Charge Admittance operates with a fixed time dimension and varies the speed of energy based on energy field density. This approach serves as a mechanism for the acceleration of energy, providing a framework to understand gravitational force. Charge Admittance aligns with existing proven formulas, offering explanations for gravity as the acceleration of energy while remaining consistent with new observations and established principles of General Relativity..

Conclusion

Charge Admittance theory helps us visualize how charges interact and influence energy and gravity. By understanding how these tiny charges behave and affect each other, we can gain new insights into the fundamental workings of the universe. Just as in an electrical circuit where current flows to minimize resistance, charges in the universe move towards regions of lower impedance, creating patterns and behaviors that underlie the forces we observe. The counter-intuitive aspect of gravitational acceleration and the variable rates of redshift further illustrate the dynamic and interconnected nature of this theory.