**Time**

Time can be likened to an elevator whose infinite x,y dimension floor continually ascends along the timeline. In this analogy, we progress steadily through time, with all physical entities moving alongside us in their respective spatial dimensions. This perspective mirrors our experience of time’s seamless progression, where events unfold in a continuous sequence.

By incorporating the concept of energy acceleration within our temporal journey, we can speculate that the phenomenon of gravity may arise as a result of this combined temporal and energetic interplay. This viewpoint offers a novel insight into the nature of gravity, suggesting a potential linkage to the fundamental processes governing the passage of time and the propagation of energy

**Mathematics**

**Constants are limits, not absolutes**

Constants in mathematics serve as foundational pillars upon which mathematical models and theories are constructed. They are often perceived as immutable values representing fundamental properties or relationships within a given context. However, the concept of a constant implies stability or unchangingness, which may not always hold true in all scenarios. Instead, constants should be viewed as provisional placeholders, subject to refinement or revision based on evolving understanding or new observations.

Constants in mathematics serve as foundational pillars upon which mathematical models and theories are constructed. They are often perceived as immutable values representing fundamental properties or relationships within a given context. However, the concept of a constant implies stability or unchangingness, which may not always hold true in all scenarios. Instead, constants should be viewed as provisional placeholders, subject to refinement or revision based on evolving understanding or new observations.

For example, the speed of light, c, is a fundamental constant in the theory of relativity, derived from observations in vacuum conditions. However, in different mediums, such as air or water, the speed of light varies, challenging the notion of its absolute constancy. Similarly, mathematical constants like π are derived from idealized concepts and may require approximation in practical applications.

Thus, within the SEEP framework, constants in mathematics are regarded as valuable tools for describing and predicting phenomena but are also subject to scrutiny and adaptation as our understanding progresses. By embracing the dynamic nature of constants and acknowledging their contextual dependencies, we ensure the robustness and flexibility of mathematical models and theories in exploring the mysteries of the universe.

**Photons**

**Origin of Particle-Antiparticle Pairs from Vacuum Fluctuations**

Considering the hypothesis that particle-antiparticle pairs arise from the vacuum of nothingness due to the charge values being only half the total amplitude of the diameter of the photon, let’s explore this concept further as a working assumption. This speculation suggests that particles and antiparticles may spontaneously form in the near field of the zero-energy plane, potentially influenced by the angles at which they appear with respect to each other. As with any working assumption, this hypothesis should be subjected to rigorous examination and further analysis to determine its validity and implications.

**Photon Composition**

We propose a working assumption regarding the composition of photons, suggesting that they are composite particles made up of two fundamental charges. Each of these charges carries a spin value of 1/2, contributing to the overall spin of the photon.

This assumption stems from the postulate that the fundamental unit of energy, arises from the interaction of two dissimilar charges spinning around a common Barycenter. By extending this concept to photons, we posit that the photon’s energy and spin emerge from the dynamic interaction between these two charges.

In the Standard Model of particle physics, the spin of a photon is conventionally described as 1. However, we propose that this apparent spin of 1 may be a composite arising from the combination of two half-spin charges within the photon structure.

This working assumption provides a theoretical foundation for understanding the quantum nature of photons. It offers a starting point for exploring the implications of photon composition and its potential implications for phenomena such as polarization, wave-particle duality, and interactions with matter.

**Photon as an Energy Dipole with Null Mass**

The photon is conceptualized as an energy dipole composed of an electron and a positron spinning around their barycenter. This nullifies the mass of the photon, as the masses of the electron and positron cancel each other out. The energy associated with their motion and electromagnetic fields contributes to the total energy of the photon.

Understanding the photon as an energy dipole with null mass provides insights into its fundamental properties and behavior within different contexts, such as gravitational fields.

**Constant Energy Regardless of Wavelength**

Regardless of their wavelength, photons contain the same amount of energy in their null mass configuration. This principle aligns with relativistic physics, where massless particles like photons carry energy solely through their motion or frequency.

Exploring the energy distribution and rotation within photons offers valuable insights into the mechanisms governing their behavior and may inform future experimental investigations.

**Shape Change in Gravitational Fields**

In gravitational fields, photons assume a flat configuration parallel to the gravitational plane. However, when photons traverse at an angle perpendicular to this plane, they undergo stretching without gaining or losing energy, leading to a frequency change. This stretching serves as a discernible marker of polarity within the gravitational field and offers an alternative explanation for phenomena such as redshift, potentially impacting our understanding of cosmology.

The observation of shape change in gravitational fields has profound implications for our understanding of redshift and cosmological phenomena, potentially offering alternative explanations beyond traditional interpretations reliant on the Doppler effect.

**Rotation of Charges in Photons**

The observation of shape change in gravitational fields has profound implications for our understanding of redshift and cosmological phenomena, potentially offering alternative explanations beyond traditional interpretations reliant on the Doppler effect. The charges (electron and positron) spinning around the circumference of a photon must rotate at a velocity of 2πrc where r the radius of the photons orbit. This assumption is based on the premise that a wavelength of energy travels at the speed of light (c), and thus, the rotational velocity of the charges must match the speed of energy propagation.

Aligning the rotational velocity of the charges with the speed of light ensures consistency with the fundamental principles of electromagnetism and relativity. This assumption maintains coherence with established physics theories and provides a foundation for further investigations into photon behavior.

The rotational velocity of the charges contributes to the overall energy distribution within photons. Understanding the relationship between rotational motion and energy transmission sheds light on the mechanisms governing photon dynamics and interactions.

**Origin of Planck’s constant**

*This spacing, equivalent to half the wavelength specified by the photon’s frequency, establishes the critical threshold beyond which the photon’s rotational speed cannot maintain phase relationships with the background permeability of free space, denoted by μ0μ0.*

**Electrons**

**Partial Quantum Charge Distribution in Electrons**

In conventional models of particle physics, electrons are considered fundamental particles with a negative electric charge. However, recent observations and theoretical considerations suggest the possibility of a more nuanced understanding of electron structure.

Based on Planck’s constant energy content it is hypothesized that electrons may consist of a multitude of fractional electric charges, contained with photons), within their structure, rather than a single, indivisible negative charge. Specifically, electrons could be composed of a combination of complete photons, each containing both positive and negative charges that cancel each other out, along with residual half-charges. These residual half-charges contribute to the net negative charge of the electron.

This working assumption offers a novel perspective on electron composition and charge distribution. If confirmed, it would challenge traditional views of electron structure and provide insights into the fundamental nature of elementary particles. Additionally, this hypothesis could have implications for understanding the interactions between photons and particles, as well as for the development of new theoretical frameworks in particle physics.

Further investigation is warranted to explore the validity of this working assumption. Experimental studies, theoretical modeling, and computational simulations could be employed to test the hypothesis and elucidate its implications. Additionally, interdisciplinary collaboration between physicists, mathematicians, and computational scientists may be valuable for advancing our understanding of electron structure and charge distribution.

**Fields and Forces**

When considering electromagnetic interactions between charged particles, we posit that the establishment of electric and magnetic fields may involve a finite time for propagation, during which the fields extend through space. Once these fields are established, the forces exerted between charged particles occur nearly instantaneously. This implies that while there may be a delay in the establishment of fields, the interactions between charges manifest as forces without appreciable time delay once the fields are present.

It’s essential to distinguish between electromagnetic fields and forces in any serious investigation. Electromagnetic fields represent the spatial distribution of electromagnetic interactions, while forces arise from the interactions between charged particles within those fields. Understanding their distinction is crucial for a thorough analysis of electromagnetic phenomena.

More to follow…