**Introduction**

In the Charge Admittance (CA) framework, space is not a fundamental entity but an emergent phenomenon arising from the interaction of time and energy. Energy propagates through the ε₀ and μ₀ fields, creating the fabric of space. As energy increases, these fields become denser, slowing energy propagation and manifesting as gravitational effects. Without time and energy, there is no way to measure or prove space exists. This emergent space concept offers a novel understanding of the universe’s structure and fundamental forces.

**Abstract**

Charge Admittance theory posits that space is dynamically generated by the movement of charges, governed by electric permittivity (ε₀) and magnetic permeability (μ₀). This perspective redefines space as the time it takes energy to propagate a distance, challenging conventional views that treat space as a pre-existing entity. This paper explores the characteristics of emergent space, its implications for cosmic structures, and its relationship with gravity, ultimately presenting a paradigm shift in our understanding of the cosmos.

**The Question: What is Space?**

Space is traditionally considered a pre-existing, immutable backdrop against which physical phenomena occur. In the CA framework, however, space is viewed as a dynamic medium generated by the movement of charges. This raises fundamental questions about the nature of space: Is it a tangible entity, or merely a construct defined by the propagation of energy through time?

*CA Space is the time it takes energy to propagate a distance in the physical world.*

**Space is An Emergent Phenomenon:** Unlike conventional theories that treat space as a pre-existing entity, CA posits that space is dynamically generated by the movement of charges. The interplay of electric permittivity (ε_{0}) and magnetic permeability (μ_{0}) governs this space generation process. These fundamental constants determine the rate at which space emerges, shaping the very fabric of the universe. CA defines space as the time it takes energy to propagate a distance in the physical world.

**Space and Its Characteristics:** Space, often perceived as an empty void, serves as the backdrop for cosmic phenomena. It lacks substantial matter and has exceedingly low pressure, preventing sound propagation. Conventionally, space is considered a four-dimensional construct: three spatial dimensions and one temporal dimension. However, time’s unique nature, having only a positive vector, distinguishes it from other dimensions and introduces complexity in understanding spatial interactions.

Observations of distant galaxies provide glimpses into the vastness of space, extending nearly 13.8 billion light-years, the estimate of the age of the universe. Despite our observational capabilities, defining the boundaries or the center of space remains elusive. Current consensus suggests a flat, infinite universe, essential for the solvability of quantum mechanics. While the concept of spatial curvature exists, it lacks empirical substantiation, although localized variations can affect energy, particularly gravity.

**Cosmic Structures and Energy Filaments:** The cosmic tapestry is dominated by vast filamentous structures that delineate energy contours threading through space. These filaments form the backbone of cosmic architecture, harboring galaxies and luminous bodies. Galaxies, mostly spiral in form, populate this expanse, each housing numerous stars and planetary systems. Hydrogen, the elemental cornerstone, pervades space, driven by gravity to fill the cosmos. Photons, as carriers of electromagnetic radiation, illuminate the celestial tableau.

**Electromagnetic Principles and Space:** Theoretical frameworks, despite eliminating the need for a luminiferous aether, still rely on the foundational principles of electromagnetism by Faraday, Gauss, and Maxwell. These principles, encapsulated by the permeability and permittivity of free space, dictate the propagation of electromagnetic radiation, reflecting the enduring essence of cosmic energy.

**Emergence of Space in Charge Admittance (CA) Theory:** In Charge Admittance theory, space emerges from the dynamic interplay of time and energy. Time, considered the primary foundation, enables the manifestation of energy. Without the passage of time, energy cannot exist in any measurable form. Consequently, space is an emergent property arising from this interaction, not a passive backdrop. This perspective reimagines the cosmic triad, emphasizing the fundamental roles of time and energy.

**Quantum Emergence and Gravity:** Quantum physics often reveals emergent phenomena through fundamental forces and particles. In CA theory, a field analogous to the Higgs field arises from energy interactions within space. Unlike the preexisting Higgs field, this emergent field manifests due to the flow of energy through time, shaping particle behavior. This dynamic view of space aligns with quantum mechanics, where fluctuations in the quantum vacuum constantly give rise to virtual particles.

**Challenges and New Perspectives:** The emergent space concept challenges classical views, suggesting gravity results from energy interactions rather than mass. This paradigm shift compels us to rethink cosmic phenomena and explore uncharted theoretical territories. Despite the challenges in developing a comprehensive mathematical framework, this perspective offers fascinating insights into gravity and the universe.

**Quantum Lattice: Energy Self-Organization**

**Introduction to the Quantum Lattice:** The Quantum Lattice, within Charge Admittance (CA) theory, represents a departure from conventional understandings of energy distribution at the quantum scale. It is a dynamic network of energy quanta shaping reality’s fabric, revealing fundamental physics and the universe’s structure.

**Self-Generating Lattice:** The Quantum Lattice is not merely a passive energy conduit but an active contributor to creating and dissolving space. Constantly in flux, it forms the foundation of reality, influencing matter, space, time, and gravity. Its structural components consist of initial energy quanta, gradually diminishing through the attenuation process along a polarized plane. This self-generating lattice is a manifestation of vacuum impedance, representing the energy needed to generate an electric field within a vacuum.

**Energy Distribution and Wave Patterns:** Energy distribution within the lattice follows wave patterns characterized by specific polarity and field shapes determined by initial charge acceleration. This distribution resembles that of a dipole antenna, shaping the lattice’s behavior. The lattice’s charges experience displacement due to energy input, similar to electromagnetic energy waves observed in radio frequencies.

**Theoretical Foundation:** The Quantum Lattice is woven from electromagnetic permittivity (ε₀) and permeability (μ₀). This self-generating system dynamically organizes energy quanta, transcending native space properties. The lattice orchestrates energy’s intricate dance within the quantum realm, shaping matter and energy behavior through electric and magnetic field interplay.

**Implications and Future Directions:** Exploring the Quantum Lattice opens new avenues for understanding energy self-organization. By elucidating energy quanta interactions within the lattice, we deepen our comprehension of fundamental physics, potentially uncovering novel phenomena. Future research may involve experimental validation of theoretical predictions and developing computational models to simulate the Quantum Lattice’s behavior under various conditions.

**Dimensions:** Space is commonly thought of as a four-dimensional object with three physical dimensions and one time dimension. Unlike other four-dimensional objects, which may have 16 directions of freedom of movement, there are only 10 in space, as time has only a positive vector (there is no known negative time). While physical dimensions are well understood, “time” presents special consideration, especially in situations where complex dimensional interaction is involved. Charge Admittance (CA) introduces a fifth dimension, the “twisted structure” or “vortices,” accounting for the twisting of galaxies and space, thus offering a more comprehensive model.

**Dimension Evolution:** The visualization sequence of Charge Admittance illustrates the progressive emergence of energy structures, from fundamental charges to complex matrix formations. This emergence process highlights the dynamic interplay between energy and space-time, offering insights into the fundamental properties and behaviors of the universe.

**1D Ground State — Charge:** At the smallest scale, energy exists as discrete points identified as charge. These charges form in the vacuum of space through thermionic emission, where underlying energy boils these charges off.

**2D Dipole — Cycle:** A moving charge produces a trailing wave, which is its exact opposite mirrored in time, forming an anti-charge. An energy dipole thus emerges as the fundamental form of energy. The viscosity of the ε_{0}/μ_{0} field leads to the formation of cycles representing energy oscillations in two-dimensional space.

**3D Representation — Wave:** Changes in viscosity affect the speed of energy propagation. The resulting current in the magnetic flux produces three-dimensional waves that propagate through space-time, similar to ripples in a pond. These waves form a lattice based on their origin, speed, and intervening viscosity contours.

**4D Expansion — Matrix:** Time facilitates the movement of energy. Interference with other energy concentrations results in complex structures driven by gradients in the ε_{0}/μ_{0} field, shaping a matrix structure that propagates in the directions of the mixed energy waves.

**5D Twisted Structure — Vortices:** When energy encounters changes in admittance, it deflects, causing energy sidebands. These sidebands emerge as a complex, twisted matrix structure, influenced by variations in ε_{0}/μ_{0} viscosity and energy propagation speed.

**Implications and Future Directions**

Exploring the Quantum Lattice opens new avenues for understanding energy self-organization. By elucidating energy quanta interactions within the lattice, we deepen our comprehension of fundamental physics, potentially uncovering novel phenomena. Future research may involve experimental validation of theoretical predictions and developing computational models to simulate the Quantum Lattice’s behavior under various conditions.

The visualization sequence of Charge Admittance illustrates the progressive emergence of energy structures, from fundamental charges to complex matrix formations. This emergence process highlights the dynamic interplay between energy and space-time, offering insights into the fundamental properties and behaviors of the universe.

By incorporating the concept of the Quantum Lattice and dimension evolution, CA provides a comprehensive framework for understanding the emergent nature of space and its profound implications for the fabric of reality.